Alternative crops for ethanol fuel production agronomic, processing, and economic considerations

Cover of: Alternative crops for ethanol fuel production |

Published by Economics Dept., South Dakota State University in Brookings, S.D .

Written in English

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  • United States.,
  • Developing countries.


  • Energy crops -- United States.,
  • Energy crops -- Developing countries.,
  • Energy crops industry -- United States.,
  • Energy crops industry -- Developing countries.,
  • Alcohol fuel industry -- United States.,
  • Alcohol fuel industry -- Developing countries.

Edition Notes

Bibliography: p. 168-178.

Book details

Statementby Thomas L. Dobbs ... [et al.].
SeriesResearch report ;, 84-1, Research report (South Dakota State University. Economics Dept.) ;, 84-1.
ContributionsDobbs, Thomas L.
LC ClassificationsSB288.3.U6 A48 1984
The Physical Object
Paginationxi, 187 p. :
Number of Pages187
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3003269M
LC Control Number84622496

Download Alternative crops for ethanol fuel production

Out to explore alternative starch and sugar crop alternatives for ethanol fuel production. Although the literature search was quite inclusive with respect to geographic regions, special emphasis was given to the agronomic and economic potential of various fuel alcohol crops in the Northern Plains region of the U.S., of which South Dakota is a.

Ethanol and Biodiesel Yield per Acre from Selected Crops: Fuel: Crop: Fuel Yield (gallons) Ethanol: Sugar beet (France) Sugarcane (Brazil) Cassava (Nigeria) Sweet Sorghum (India. Bioethanol Production from Food Crops: Sustainable Sources, Interventions and Challenges comprehensively covers the global scenario of ethanol production from both food and non-food crops and other book guides readers through the balancing of the debate on food vs.

fuel, giving important insights into resource management and the environmental and economic impact of this Price: $ Fruit crops (e.g., grapes, apricots, peaches, and pears) are another type of feedstock in the sugar crop category.

Typically, fruit crops such as grapes are used as the feedstock in wine production. These crops are not likely to be used as feedstocks for production of fuel-grade ethanol because of their high market value for direct human.

This promising discovery could provide an eco-friendly alternative to conventional ethanol production from corn and other crops, say the scientists. Their results are published in. Church, in Advanced District Heating and Cooling (DHC) Systems, Straw, switchgrass, and other fuel crops.

The development of fuel crops or the use of other forms of biomass can provide opportunities for both energy development and agricultural employment. Straw, switchgrass, elephant grass (Giant Miscanthus), and other crops (see Table ) can be used for energy production.

“Ethanol is a homegrown energy alternative. And ethanol produces a fuel that burns cleaner. And that’s good for our environment — just plain and simple, that’s good for our environment.” — President George H.

Bush, J “Ethanol production increases farm income, decreases deficiency payments, creates jobs in rural America. The search for alternative fuel sources has led to the development of ethanol, a gasoline substitute, but large-scale production of corn-based ethanol is controversial and it.

Ethanol is a relatively low-cost alternative fuel that boasts less pollution and more availability than unblended gasoline. But while there are many advantages of using ethanol as a fuel. PDF | OnRamesh C. Ray published Bioethanol Production from Food Crops: Sustainable Sources, Interventions and Challenges Understand the issues and potential solutions in.

User Review - Flag as inappropriate A suitable alternating to replace fossil fuels is the production of Bioethanol from agriculture wastes. Bioethanol has become one of the most promising Biofules today and is considered as the only sufficient short to medium alternative to fossil transport fuels in India.

Indian Domestic ethanol production in calendar year CY will move slowly closer to 2 /5(9). Ethanol Production and Distribution. Ethanol is a domestically produced alternative fuel most commonly made from corn. It is also made from cellulosic feedstocks, such as crop residues and wood—though this is not as common.U.S.

ethanol plants are concentrated in the Midwest because of the proximity to corn production. Bioethanol Production from Food Crops: Sustainable Sources, Interventions Alternative crops for ethanol fuel production book Challenges comprehensively covers the global scenario of ethanol production from both food and non-food crops and other sources.

The book guides readers through the balancing of the debate on food vs. fuel, giving important insights into resource management and the.

Nearly 40 percent of the annual corn crop is now converted to fuel. The “ ethanol craze ” has led to some of the last remnants of native prairie being tilled up to plant corn in recent years. The ethics of using prime farmland to grow fuel rather than food are dubious at best.

Next Generation Biofuel Crops. Ethanol production, purification, and analysis techniques: a review Abstract World ethanol production rose to nearly billion gallon in Ethanol has been part of alcoholic beverages for long time, but its application has expanded much beyond that during the 20th Century.

Much of the recent interest is in the use of ethanol as fuel. Ethanol Production and Economics. The major feedstock for ethanol has been coarse grains (i.e., corn). Second-generation ethanol (from cellulosic biomass) is around ~7% of the total ethanol production.

Figure shows the global ethanol production by feedstock from   11 Important Ethanol Pros And Cons You Need to Know. With the increased awareness of the dangers posed by some fuels to the environment, as well as the fact that most of them are depletable, more focus is now on alternative sources of energy.

The world is now shifting to the use of renewable sources of energy, which are more friendly to the environment and do not face depletion risk. California startup NexSteppe presents a new brand of sorghum, bred for optimal energy production, designed as a greener alternative to corn for ethanol fuels and biomass boilers.

Brazil has the largest and most successful bio-fuel programs in the world, involving production of ethanol fuel from sugarcane, and it is considered to have the world's first sustainable biofuels economy.

In Brazilian ethanol provided 18% of the country's road transport sector fuel consumption needs, and by Aprilmore than 50% of fuel consumption for the gasoline market.

Ethanol fuel is ethyl alcohol, the same type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages, used as is most often used as a motor fuel, mainly as a biofuel additive for first production car running entirely on ethanol was the Fiatintroduced in in Brazil by l is commonly made from biomass such as corn or sugarcane.

Ethanol is a renewable energy source produced through fermentation of sugars. Ethanol is widely used as a partial gasoline replacement worldwide. Fuel ethanol that is produced from corn has been used in gasohol or oxygenated fuels since the s.

These gasoline fuels contain up to 10% ethanol by volume. In car engines not designed for alcohol fuels, ethanol can cause deterioration of the rubber and plastic parts of the fuel system meaning many cars are unable to safely use ethanol fuel.

The crops necessary for the production of ethanol raises ethical issues lowering its potential as an alternative fuel source. Figure 3. U.S. dry grind corn-to-ethanol manufacturing plants. x L/y plant. 80 x L/y plant. Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) mandates the use of 15 billion gal/y ( billion L/y) of renewable biofuels (i.e., which will primarily be corn-based ethanol) (), although the RFS does mandate the growing use of advanced and cellulosic biofuels as well.

ethanol and other industrial materials because of its high biomass production, perennial nature, ability to provide its own nitrogen fertilizer, and valuable co-products. Unlike other major field crops like corn and soybeans, which are commonly refined for production of fuel and industrial materials, refining of alfalfa remains underdeveloped.

Ethanol is made from biomass. Ethanol is a renewable biofuel because it is made from biomass. Ethanol is a clear, colorless alcohol made from a variety of biomass materials called feedstocks (the raw materials used to make a product).

Fuel ethanol feedstocks include grains and crops with high starch and sugar content such as corn, sorghum, barley, sugar cane, and sugar beets. Since the production of the E10 inmore drivers consume fuel and burning them. Effect on Food Production It takes an enormous amount of corn to produce corn-based ethanol fuel.

With the increase demand for ethanol, more agricultural lands will be used to plant corn and this in turn will affect the production of other crops.

Author: Marcos S. Buckeridge Publisher: Springer ISBN: Size: MB Format: PDF View: Get Books This book focuses on the basic science recently produced in Brazil for the improvement of sugarcane as a bioenergy crop and as a raw material for 2nd generation bioethanol production.

Corn production is blessed with nearly years of infrastructure build-up and research. Producers have great knowledge and experience growing corn. This infrastructure and grower knowledge makes corn a natural crop for expanded uses such as ethanol. Yet, high production costs and high inputs make corn a very intensive crop.

The production of ethanol from starch or sugar-based crops is among man’s earliest ventures into value-added agriculture-based processing. Henry Ford and Alexander Graham Bell were among the first to recognize that the plentiful sugars found in plants could be easily and inexpensively converted into clean-burning, renewable alcohol fuels.

In fact, under Corporate Average Fuel Economy regulations, making vehicles that can run on ethanol permits carmakers to sell more fuel intensive cars. A vehicle that can run on petroleum gasoline or 85 percent ethanol (E85) receives “a much higher mileage rating than it really gets” even though most of these cars never fill up with E The production of ethanol for fuel in the U.S.

continues to grow, reaching a record of 1, barrels per day in Februarywhich shows that the fuel used in our cars will contain more and more ethanol as time passes for better performance and less emissions.

Inthe first Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS) became law as part of the United States’ energy policy (Renewable Fuels Association, a). It provided for ethanol production of four billion gallons in with an increase to seven and one-half billion gallons by (Renewable Fuels.

Blends of at least 85 percent ethanol are considered alternative fuels under the Energy Policy Act of E85, a blend of 85 percent ethanol and 15 percent gasoline, is used in flexible fuel. Some have formed cooperatives to grow crops intended specifically as a feedstock for ethanol production.

A million-litres-per-year wheat-based ethanol production plant requires aroundtonnes of feed grain per year and an estimatedacres to produce the feedstock. Ethanol production. First and Second Generation for internal combustion engines, is a fuel generally derived from food crops such as sugarcane, sugar beet, maize (corn), sorghum and wheat, although other forms of biomass can also be used, and may even be •With the increase in demand for alternative energy.

The process must be cost effective so that it can compete with other fuels in the marketplace. Impact for Land Owners. As researchers are improving the science of cellulosic ethanol production, land owners may wonder about the biomass crops that will be needed.

In Illinois, the crop land is fertile and produces high yields of corn and soybeans. Ethanol Fuel. Bio-ethanol is manufactured from fermenting starch, wheat and sugar l is also made from the hydration of ethylene from petroleum, though the majority of ethanol is produced by fermentation.

It is considered an alternative fuel source as it is regarded to be renewable and more beneficial to the environment. As a car fuel ethanol is blended with petrol in different. Too Much Ethanol: How We Got Here. Under a law that created the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) — in an effort to increase the amount of renewable fuels we use in our day-to-day lives and decrease the amount of pollution from fossil fuels — Congress set an annually increasing fixed number of gallons of ethanol that must be blended into the nation's fuel supply every year.

First is that a reevaluation of a percent ethanol blend, or E30, is timely in light of the EPA’s current fuel economy standards review, because its efficiency in high-performance engines may be an improvement over the losses in miles per gallon with a percent ethanol blend, or E E85 fuel in “flex-fuel” vehicles may increase ozone.

Fuel from Farms is a well laid-out book with a lot of well organized information. We are producing a significant amount of biomass that has no use at present, so producing ethanol is a viable way to get more out of our waste s: 2.

Corn ethanol is being used more and more as a fuel, but important debates over feed crops, food prices and the fuel efficiency of various biofuels may limit its future use.

Compared with ethanol, biodiesel releases just %, %, and 13% of the agricultural nitrogen, phosphorus, and pesticide pollutants, respectively, per net energy gain.

Relative to the fossil fuels they displace, greenhouse gas emissions are reduced 12% by the production and combustion of ethanol and 41% by biodiesel.

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